Warning – Mein Kampf, of course, is a reprehensible book in many ways. It is particularly based on the most primitive instincts of the human being to build a political program based on racial preference. But must, however, prohibit its publication, reading? I am among those who argue for a negative answer to this question and this for several reasons.
First, it is a document of exceptional historic importance since it is the witness, first hand, of HITLER. Second, the ban would lead to the creation of a myth, a grail, a mystery that eventually fascinate fragile souls.
It seems best to allow free access to Mein Kampf , so it can be debunked methodically through critical reading and dismantling the arguments advanced by the author. One can not be against censorship except when it suits us … but everyone can form their own opinion …
What is Mein Kampf?
Written in prison by Adolf Hitler between 1924 and 1925, MEIN Kampf (My fight) is both:
an autobiographical work;
a manifesto and a political program;
a sociological study;
and a philosophical essay.
Hitler pays his years of detention at the prison LANDSBERG to dictate the first draft to Rudolf Hess, his cellmate and secretary, a partner since the very beginning of the adventure of the DAP (German Workers’ Party) which later became the Nazi Party .
Comment from the author of this book report
A reading MEIN Kampf (published in 1925), we can only be amazed at how the dramatic events that would darken the 30s could already read in filigree first volume of the book (there will be two). Hitler announced that he was going to do and how he would do it. It is clear that he did what he had written:
conquest of the masses by simple and powerful messages;
denunciation of an enemy of the people;
revival of national sentiment;
seizure of power through the ballot box, suppression of democracy parliamentarism;
establishment of a single leader;
expansion to the east;
cult of purebred …
and finally, trigger a world war.
Maybe we would have taken it seriously?
Summary of Mein Kampf in French
At the beginning
Hitler even wrote him a preface in which he describes his humble origins in Austria, his admiration for his mother (Maria Anna), his aversion to his father (Alois) who wanted to make a customs official, his attraction to the art in general, painting and architecture in particular. He then recalls his painful early years in Vienna (1910), after the death of his father (1903), where he survives by selling some watercolors and performing odd jobs on construction sites. For Hitler, and rub the little people the opportunity to form a first political consciousness.
Birth of a political conscience
First, it notes with dismay the dissolution of the Germanic spirit in the cosmopolitan set desired by the ruling family in Austria: Habsburg, these « traitors » who pride to communities diverse as the Slavic or Czech … This morbid hatred of the gravediggers of German culture, makes him, at first, friendly socialist SPD that, too, sworn to destroy the monarchy! It will not last … Indeed, he quickly realizes that the SPD, meanwhile, is still over the demise of the Teutonic soul by mixing in a gangue informs: the International! He then pours the miserable fate of the little people, abandoned by the bourgeois class. « If now I attempted to paint a few strokes the soul of its lower classes, my picture would be unfaithful if I do not affirmed that, in the depths, I could not even find the light. « He criticizes the bourgeois concede nothing to the workers, pushing them into the arms of the Reds.
HITLER also rubs, or rather skinned, contact unionism.
Feeling better educated than unionists themselves on their own communist doctrine, he argued, pleaded, irritated … It is evacuated sites. He accuses the unions of being a political instrument (the Reds) instead of actually fighting for social rights. This is equal to the time he met with his old enemy: the Jew! Because Hitler does not seem to be born anti-Semite as it recognizes not have, at first, noticed especially the Jews yet implanted in Vienna (200 000 individuals), considering them as Austrians have a different faith. It will not last … It combines fast in his brain the Machiavellian SPD and Jews in formal association to end the German culture and establish their domination over the world … The world press is placed in the same bag of garbage. Infested with Jews, it prepares the public to see. « Infamy is to pour 100 trash both the lowest and most shameful slanders on the immaculate dress of a man of honor … ».
The Austrian Catholic Church has not been spared by the hunting picture of Hitler: this time, it is the Czech priests who are accused of the bed of the Germanization. Considering the lost Austria, he turns his eyes to Germany of William II.
Summary of Mein Kampf in French
here is found in Mein Kampf, the first political considerations that are limited to a virulent criticism of parliamentarism (and democracy). A pearl among others: « When the parliamentary principle of the authority of the majority prevails over that of the authority of a single leader and replaces the number and mass, goes against the aristocratic principle of nature, which also relies design of the nobility. « The idea is recurrent and can be summarized as: parliamentarism destroys the notion of responsibility: each (often poor) behind a majority (parliamentary) to decide and nobody is responsible for anything.
But nature is quite different: a leader who decides is essential to the smooth running of the world (Nietzsche did not say anything else in the last century). Another quote to illustrate this point: « appalling failure and weakness of the political leadership of the Empire (German) inside and outside that, due to the action of the Reichstag (
parliament) became one of the causes of the collapse of the empire. « And one last
» if the tombs of the Flanders plain could be opened, would come out, erect, the bloody accusers, 100 000 young people who, through lack of awareness of these criminals (MPs) were pushed badly educated, badly trained, in the arms of death. »
To prevent the mass is too sensitive to red propaganda, Hitler emphasizes the importance of education (later as everyone knows indoctrination).
Summary of Mein Kampf in French
How do politics?
It is also at this time that he met his first mentor, Dr. Karl Lueger, mayor of Vienna, true synthesis of still embryonic political ideas in the mind of Hitler.
Lueger shows him the rudiments of politics which consist, in short, to rely on the masses (because the bourgeoisie is too passive and anxious to preserve its achievements), repeat ad nauseam simple formulas (understandable by all) and punchy , appeal to people of concepts, nation and finally race and designate a single enemy on which to rain insanities (ie the Jew). « Thus, the essential condition for the formation and maintenance of the state, is that there is a feeling of solidarity on the basis of an identity of character and race and we resolved to defend all means « . In summary, the strategy is to address, first of all, to the masses, to appeal to the feelings (the struggle for existence excludes any aesthetic consideration) and not to reason, to be limited to a few highlights , few, stereotypical formulas for the last of the auditors is able to grasp the idea, and focus fire on a single opponent.
The right to Lebensraum
He noted that the German dynamism produces 900 000 additional cores per year, posing in the short term, the inevitable problem of famine. Of course, it refuses to limit births, but rather proposes to extend the territories (including the expense on Russia).
Social Darwinism: the notion of race
HITLER inspired Darwin to describe the workings of nature: nature is heavily at the height and left to die sickly and sickly: it is the essential condition for cash advances in general and of the human species in particular. If this condition is trampled upon, the human species and impoverish disappear. Aryan is, for Hitler, in humans the master race. Nature therefore commissioned to dominate the world by eliminating the weakest. « Imposing the inability of married descendants reproduce damaged it is to work the clearest reasons » or « The world belongs only strong practicing total solutions. » Again, Nietzsche would not have said something else. Later in the book, Hitler is already developing concepts that will become major (20 years later) the foundation of its racial policies:
Nature tends to raise the level of beings;
There are characters that distinguish species;
each congener can mate with a similar (against Hitler cites examples in nature-such as mullet but notes their infertility which accredits point 1. (only the maintenance of racial purity improves the species);
there is a struggle between races for living space;
to limit the weak nature submits low stringent conditions of existence (and thus eliminates ensuring progress and therefore the survival of the species);
Nature does not coupling between strong and weak, because the offspring, midway between both parents, is lower in the scale of values than was the strong;
to maintain a specific civilization, we must keep the man who created him (Hitler cites examples of miscegenation (eg in South America between the Spanish and Indian) that led to the ruin of civilization);
it is necessary to rely on an inferior race to climb the top step of civilization and to compensate for the lack of natural resources;
a superior race is recognizable thanks to its ability to put his special interest (that of the individual) in the background to devote himself entirely to the public interest (idealism). The superior race has an innate sense of community. The individual who composes it has the capacity for sacrifice for the community.
Summary of Mein Kampf in French
BIRTH From POLITICIAN
Man HITLER policy born on the ruins of the surrender of 11 November 1918 and grows by feeding on hatred for the Chapter (the « November criminals »). He joined Munich then in full civil war. Briefly in the hands of the Reds, the Republic of Bavaria is taken over by the corps. For Corporal Hitler, conspiracy obvious (see more conspiracy theory Law). He speaks in a few barracks and realizes what he already knew: he can speak. He was given the espionage of a political splinter group: DAP (German Workers Party). Mayonnaise takes quickly because he quickly realizes that between his ideas and those of the party founded by Harrer, are no big differences. He became the DAP publicity chief, whose cash is limited for now to 7 marks and the number of members to 7. « goodwill but impotence. » It will not last…
Hitler and the conspiracy theory
One of the fundamental tenets of DAP is that of conspiracy theory: the stab in the back. The Jews (them again) have infiltrated the industry and the German finance and conspired with their Marxist allies, on the back lines to capitulate Germany. The strike ammunition is the best example. The origin of defeat is not military.
Hitler and prostitution
HITLER laments syphilis and tuberculosis, and found their origin in prostitution he condemns. Prostitution endangers the moral order, descent « instead of vigorous children of a natural feeling, we will not see the lamentable product of a financial transaction practical. Of course, it is possible to laugh for a while nature but revenge is inevitable, it manifests later or better man finds out too late. »
Hitler and Culture
Hitler defends the legacy of the past (mainly Frederick the Great (or II of Prussia death in 1786)), an essential element of building the future. Marxism, meanwhile, seeking to innovate to develop a « degenerate » art. Hitler refers to Cubism and Dadaism. In short, Hitler was a conservative. An analysis reveals that his draft GERMANIA city gets the big guns of the Greek and Roman art.
Hitler and Religion
A quote illustrates his thinking on the subject: « The great mass of the people is not composed of philosophers. But for the masses, faith is the only basis for a moral worldview. « Basically, it can be assumed that Hitler was thinking (repeatedly, he cites the creator). It is less certain that he was Christian. But for purely pragmatic matters including to conquer the masses and keep them in a state of submission, he sees in religion, a particularly effective instrument and, in any case, complementary to its policy.
Hitler and the question JEWISH
The Jew is designated as the enemy and the source of all evils. For Hitler, it has an intellect (de) formed in contact with the surrounding peoples. It has a strong self-preservation, but is not evidence of idealism (the willingness to sacrifice for the community). This instinct is gregarious (example given by Hitler: the horses come together in times of danger and disperse as soon as it is removed). Since there is no Jewish idealism, there is no Jewish state, no Jewish civilization, nor of Jewish art. HITLER compares the Jew a « parasite looking for a nourishing soil. « He repeatedly cites Schopenhauer » the Jew is the great master of lies. » He sees in the Talmud a list of instructions to maintain the purity of Jewish blood and a code to regulate relations between members of the community and between the community and outside. He thinks that the concept of « religious community » was invented to conceal the concept of race.
Summary of Mein Kampf in French
Hitler and the Jewish plan for world domination
This plan was presented to him probably by Dietrich Eckart, a prominent member of society THULE that astonishment is not mentioned in Mein Kampf:
one enters a country and hides;
it creeps into the economy (but only as an intermediary and not as a producer: it practices the profession of usury (lending with interest));
we settled down, by coming together in a neighborhood;
is gradually taking the monopoly on business and trade. One becomes rich (by bleeding the wealth-producing workers) which causes jealousy of these and then hate;
they besieged the government by flatteries;
it lends to the Lord becomes our obligation;
we are baptized (to cover up a little more);
it pretends to be German.
it pretends to be a friend of the men, philanthropists, to those we wish skinning. For this, we use Freemasonry (to woo middle class) and the press (for the rest); Christian blood is contaminated (especially high-nobility) by marriage; one seeks hegemony of the parliamentary system;
proletarianizes we the little people continuing its bleeding; thus separating employers and employees.
It was well organized capitalism (exploitation of the human race) as we please.
We approach the victims posing as virtuous and generous (by way of Marxism). The course sees that mass of fire. She believes his fight for good, but in fact struggle for international capitalism by destroying the national economy and thus its independence. A quote from Hitler illuminates this point « Marxism ruin the personality and race that were the biggest obstacle to the domination of the Jewish race. » In the spirit, the union movement is to provide for the recruitment of the masses by claiming social rights. However, the Jewish trade unionist takes care of claiming the impossible to be sure of the answer, and so foment unrest.
When the Jew has enough sitting his dominance, he reappears in the open. It is too late to react.
Hitler and DAP (Deutsche Partei Arbeitei: the party of German workers)
The frame probably existed before the entry HITLER DAP. The main points are as follows (note that Hitler will follow this program to the letter, on his return to politics)
winning the masses;
educate the masses;
nationalization of the masses ( « objectivity is weak is the will of force »);
destroy international poisoners;
treat the Jewish question;
bring us to the anti-national camps;
develop an effective propaganda;
conquer (through elections) political power;
remove parliamentarism; *
ability to enter parliament but only to disassemble;
no religious reform (serves moral straitjacket to ground);
the fewest possible intermediary in the organization;
no union with other parties (= weakening compromise);
growth by fanaticism (as done successfully Christianity);
recognition of the value of the individual: (it is a force to respect a being of genius, it is not one to respect the ground).
HITLER ends this first volume in chronicling the pathetic debut DAP to shudder at the dawn of 1920. He seems not to doubt the success of the party became the last bastion against communism and Jewish plot.
Volume II of Mein Kampf
The second volume of Mein Kampf takes a violent turn (relative to volume I), more direct.
Completed, the autobiographical considerations, it is now entering the heart of the DAP’s political program (or DeutscheArbeiterPartei German Workers’ Party) which quickly became, under the leadership of Hitler, the NSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) Nazi party.
The party is from 1920 to 1921 clearly announced as « Völkisch » by Hitler . This term can be translated as « populist » (Volk = the people) or « national ». Some authors translate Völkisch as « racist, which does not seem right to me. It is central to the philosophy around which will build the Third Reich. Nothing is spared here the reader, since Hitler announces the superior character of the German race that can (and should otherwise disappear), as dictated by natural law, acquire the land necessary for its existence (at the expense of Russia in particular) and enslave the world by reducing the inferior races to slavery.
His hatred of the Jew is also more present. Besides the purely racist considerations, it denounces the Jewish conspiracy (or Marxist which is a synonym in his writing) to dominate the world. The final solution is not addressed, even if we feel that Hitler intends to deal with the Jewish problem with all the brutality (a term he uses) necessary. Sensitive souls therefore refrain …
Summary MEIN Kampf by Adolf Hitler French of Volume II
Criticism of the traditional parties and parliamentarism HITLER takes up this theme already developed extensively in Volume I. In the compromises and alliances between political parties, he sees only the inefficiency to solve real problems. In parliament, he sees only incompetent, cowardly, irresponsible to hide behind majorities, only interested in the comfort of ministerial cabinets, and who can in fact make any decision. By reversing these words, one can get an idea of the qualities of a true leader to Hitler.
HITLER has a particular conception of the state. This is not an end in itself but a means to serve a specific purpose: to ensure the persistence and dominance of the Aryan race and to ensure that the proper functioning of the natural law (that of the strongest) is not hindered. Indeed, this is the only law which, in his eyes, the kind of progress and thus survive. So the state should not promote equality. Instead it should encourage the victory of might be an organizing power at the service of men (and not-not the reverse), do not bother with ethical when the survival of the race is in. Basically, the state has the sole mission of ensuring the survival of the Aryan race. Parliament must be a mere consultative room.
« The state is not a goal but a means. It is the precondition for the formation of a culture of greater value, but it is not the first cause only is the existence of a superior race. »
To organize the state, Hitler proposes to draw upon the best elements (those still close to the primitive Aryan model). To stop what he called « miscegenation, » the state must « physically remove the right to reproduce the blots and create the social conditions to enable families to be healthy prolific. » Here we began to see the active eugenics that will characterize its policy in 1933.
The state must educate. Physical activity is foregrounded, intellectual activity coming in second line. Indeed, the brainwashing is often unnecessary because the knowledge is quickly forgotten.
Education must intervene at an early age. Youths Hitler (although the term is not used) are described here. It aims to give young people the feeling that they are part of a superior civilization ( « burn in the heart of youth a sense of race »), to give them a healthy body, to teach them to obey (including if injustice) and later order. It must break the habit of lamentation, give the taste of sacrifice, sense of responsibility. For girls, education must be a preparation for motherhood. Education should finally help identify suitable for controlling heads. The race must control rather than the mass (as is the case with Marxist)
Hitler wants to rehabilitate the body work and introduce the principle of reward on merit. The individual must have a job related to his abilities and avoid excessive differences between wages: it is necessary to understand that man does not live only for material enjoyments.
Attributed to German only (the others remain subjects or foreigners). Hitler is upset to find that a slave from Mongolia to become German by the mere fact of the president.
How to get there ?
We must destroy the current state (Weimar Republic). Because the parliamentary system requires compromises that are not possible in the HITLER vision of the state: his doctrine is infallible (a term he uses);
develop and organize propaganda « more I was hard and I wielded the whip over my propaganda frightened, departed the weak and hesitant natures, prevented their entry into the nucleus of our organization »;
rely on the masses assenant simple and powerful messages; « The meeting is necessary because it allows man who feels isolated and therefore afraid to discover similar and thus to strengthen his convictions »;
create a fighting party without compromise; « Keep in mind that everything in this world, is truly great is not hard won by coalitions, but has always been won by a single winner »;
change the organization of the party, the NSDAP must get rid of the committee vote majority decisions (and too much like a small parliament) but must adopt a responsible guide (a Führer) which is distinguished by its capacity and decides alone;
founding philosophy of the party on a racist conception;
fight against red forehead designated as single enemy. Red is however retained for posters due to the attraction it exerts on the eyes. And to enrage the left or disturb its members and thus bring them in meetings. « These men came in and went into enemy supporters »;
create a service order for meetings of the NSDAP. « The highest idea can be stifled if its protagonist is knocked out with batons. » (Note that it will become the basis for future SA); This includes recruit veterans. The security service is a section as well as propaganda, finance, press. Its members must be a troop of shock, a moral force unswervingly imbued with the national socialist ideal and exemplary discipline. « The stewards must be preceded by its reputation for brutality. « Its members must be trained. The idea is to take the road to the Marxists. There is therefore no question of an underground organization but rather a force that shows. The stewards must become become an army in less than two years if conditions require. Two events will mark the debut of the SA:
the manifestation of the Königsplatz maintained despite the hostility of Marxists;
COBURG expedition in 1922 when the street was confiscated to the same Marxist.
promote fights at rallies (eg the fight of the meeting of 04.11.21, the Hofbraühau, caulked with truncheon by the security service);
oppose any attempt to federalism that our enemies wish to dismember Germany: they seek to draw Prussia designated as militaristic against the pacifist Bavaria;
recreate the army, to be the school where all Germans must learn to understand and should allow young people to rise above the horizon;
adopt a flag (a sign of recognition): red for the social ideal of mouvementent; white to emphasize the nationalist ideas; the swastika to recall the mission to fight the Aryan and the Semitic idea.
foreign policy should be guided Germany to Hitler, by the following principles:
it should not allow Europe the existence of a power other than Germany;
it must be the source of power in Europe (excludes the use of colonies);
it must provide the ground to his offspring the necessary ground;
it must, to achieve the objective 3, willingly accept the sacrifice of blood.
The theory of the alliance
« The destinies of the two peoples are firmly welded unless they have for mutual success in the form of acquisitions, joint conquest, in short, an increase in power that everyone will benefit from them. Sympathy has nothing to do in this strategy. « Of course, we see reflected here the German-Soviet pact. HITLER sees possible compromise (though it excludes the level of domestic politics).
He sees the signatories of the surrender (the November criminals) traitors who have acted against the interests of the state and establishing the dependence of Germany vis-à-vis abroad. The idea of Hitler is therefore to restore the independence of Germany, which presupposes a power boost, if necessary by force. « For the oppressed territories will not be reintroduced to the country by inflamed protests but not victorious qu’assène blows the sword; forge this sword is the task of domestic policy. »
HITLER analyzes the possibilities of alliance
(it excludes the input designated France as the hereditary enemy: England is considered because, like Germany, it does not want a France too powerful detrimental to its interests (especially since that the occupation of the Ruhr gave him access to the largest deposits of iron and coal in Europe);
Italy, which sees the power of France curb its policy in the Adriatic.
HITLER but considers them impossible for three reasons:
the weakness of the current Germany excludes any desire to England or Italy to ally with it;
no State would ally with a State that does not even defend its own interests (a reference to the Versailles Treaty);
no State would ally with a State that is servile.
Hitler considered the Jews amplify this phenomenon because their plan is the ruin of Germany to monopolize its resources. They base this on the cosmopolitan ideologies (peaceful) or the French chauvinism (and thus hatred of Germany) or the British economic interests.
Hitler and France
this people that lowers the level of Negroes secretly put in danger by the support he lends to the Jews, the existence of the white race in Europe. « His attitude in 1922 and 1923 led:
the dismantling of Germany in a medley of small states (referring to the loss of territories consecutive Treaty of Versailles);
the creation of a nation of mercenaries in the service of Jewry (reference to the occupation of the Ruhr: see below);
the requirement for accumulation constantly renewed to enslave a little Germany (reference no doubt to the Treaty of Locarno and London)
France remains the main enemy: « Either we do face, or disappears! »
Hitler and the South Tyrol
« We can get it back by force! If c = parliamentary chatter on this issue is that they are intoxicated by Jews who do not want a German-Italian alliance. »
Hitler and Italy
immediately felt the fascination of Hitler for the character of Mussolini. For him, Fascist Italy warns the Jewish conspiracy:
banning secret societies, including the Freemasons (in formal association with Jews);
continuing the fight against the international press (subservient to the Jews);
acting to suppress Marxist (synonyms Jews);
consolidating the state.
Hitler and England
The English are cousins, but the Jew carries in England his dictatorship.
Hitler and Japan
The Jew can insidiously contaminate (as it did in Europe). He can not bear a State outside its global domination strategy. The Jew thus fueling the uprising of the great powers (including England) against Japan.
Russia and Hitler
Hitler made the observation that the survival of his people requires an extension of its territory truncated by the Treaty of Versailles. « The right of the soil and land can become a duty when a people is doomed to ruin extension default ». For Hitler, a German minority had developed Russia before 17. Bolsheviks swept all stripping Russia of its dominant Germanic class. The Jews (Marxist synonyms in the writings of Hitler « now dominate Russia and Germany as the next target. Hitler and the Treaty of Versailles
to Hitler, that treaty is the epitome of diplomatic horror: France organized the looting of Germany and the leaders of the Weimar Republic knelt by submitting what was left of Germany dismembered in slavery is essentially the source of future conflicts. « the peace treaties with requirements strike the lashes to people often act as the first bearings of drums announcing the uprising. »
Hitler and the occupation of the Ruhr
Was Hitler for a French mistake. For violating the Treaty of Versailles, it
has alienated England who dreads seeing settle on the mainland power susceptible to compete;
has drawn the ire of Italy;
awakened consciences in Germany healing against the illusion of France « champion of liberalism.
Unfortunately, the petty-bourgeois government did have the opportunity: she called the strike (so to Marxist) and even financed finally left to ruining a little state.
In conclusion, read in Mein Kampf (written in 25-26) the events that followed. Hitler condemned the lack of decisiveness democracies. He bet on that assumption to invade, despite its weakness against the French power, Austria, Czechoslovakia and then Poland. His bet was a winner and the first territorial gains (all announced in Mein Kampf ) were written down recorded by the international community at the Munich agreements.