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Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead see scrolls show that the New Testament is plagiarism. We are at the dawn of spring 1947, close to the rocky shores of the Dead Sea. We are at Qumran, not far from Jerusalem, about ten kilometers from Jericho, the city with the impregnable walls that collapsed yet, more than 3000 years ago, the first trumpets of Joshua.

Dead see scrolls

It is already very hot and the day is just beginning. Two young Bedouins perched on mules, stopped there, dubious. An imposing cliff impassable, streaked by time, stands before them. Exhausted by long hours of walking looking for a lost goat, stained and roasted by the sun, they wonder. Unable to cross that wall, they will not go further. Suddenly, barely noticeable, a running dry stone attracts their attention to a dark corner of the wall of limestone. Is it reckless fuyarde? A small gap is emerging in the rock. Exhausted by the endless stalking, the goat is probably hidden in this unexpected refuge.

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Qumran – the manuscripts of the Dead Sea

Bedouin decide to climb the slopes, blinded by the clouds of dust they raised in their haste. The stopover is perilous, dangerous as the rock is friable. Arrived at the opening, they throw small pebbles. Something breaks, like a clay object was to smash. The two Bedouins prudently penetrate the mysterious cavity in which easily penetrate the rays of the setting sun. They quickly grew in a sort of horizontal hose.

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dead see scrolls

Jars! Earth jars cooked in the hundreds. The bravest plunges a hesitant hand inside. Rolls of leather ! Or very old tissue. Curious, they try to place what looks like a parchment: They approach a torch and discover running on fabric, an old writing partially erased. It’s worth nothing that stuff wives! They decide nevertheless to take a few. Thus they will not come here quite for nothing. As for the goat, she seems lost forever, too bad for her, these rocks will be for her one last tomb.

Road to Bethlehem
The road to Bethlehem in 1947

The rollers stuck under his arm, the Bedouin down the slope and join their mules asleep in the shade of a rock. They carefully rank the scrolls in a canvas bag. The best is to go to Bethlehem. There, we will tell them if these old have any value.

After long hours under the sun, they stop their horses in the shade of a mango tree, exhausted, burned by the midday sun. Bethlehem is still far! Best to go.

They then hang their meager booty to a pole tent and disappear behind the dunes. The manuscript will remain there a few weeks. A few weeks longer forgotten.

1947. The State of Israel has been created on a land holy to three times. Tensions are extreme. The war between Jews and Palestinians threat every day a little more. Hastily, barbed wire are installed to separate the two communities. The British, who just give up their mandate over Palestine, increasing patrolling to prevent the situation from degenerating. In both camps, it mobilizes men and hiding weapons. Haganah already preparing a plan for the control of Jerusalem.

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Haganah

Our two Bedouins little concerned about all these stories. They just lost a goat and a working day. They are now coming to their village. It is market day and they would not be sorry to drink with a little tea very sweet mint. They stop in front of the shop of an antiques dealer who, precisely, they moved a big infusion! What a deal. They collapsed on a sofa threadbare. The discussion begins. Now he rested, they tell their journey, walking watering the details: the lost sheep, the cliffs of Qumran, the caves, the jars and then those strange rolls exhumed from the past. Jars? Manuscripts?

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Sukenik

The antiquarian seems intrigued. Perhaps would like Sukenik, an archaeologist from the Hebrew University he knows personally. The problem is that Eliezer Sukenik is Jewish … We’ll have to be careful …

A meeting is still held. It will be done at night, on either side of a barricade. We present the learned one of the pieces of leather covered with Hebrew characters. It’s a fake ! Sukenik is convinced. But he still carries acquirer in exchange for a few coins and then he asks to see other fragments. The adventure of the Dead Sea Scrolls can finally begin, it will last half a century.


Dead Sea scrolls

200 years before Christ in the wilderness of Engedi

The authenticity of documents is quickly confirmed. They are old, very old. We are about 200 years before the birth of Christ, somewhere in the desert of Engedi, close to the spot where, a few years later, John baptize. A small colony of pious Jews, the Essenes fled the city and its immortality. They are about 4000 and decided to settle on this inhospitable land. There are no women among them, beings seen as a barrier to community life. The children are adopted. There is no either slaves, slavery is against their principle of justice. There is no commercial source of greed that corrupts souls. They live simply, agriculture mainly. They develop gradually, a small craft, manufacturing the tools for their community life. They live together and put all their goods to the service of others. At the 5th hour of completed work fields, they put on the linen garments they have purified in cold water and gather to take meals in common, praising God and giving them the necessary food to life. The meal finished, God is once again honored. Then the holy garments are deposited. Work can then resume until nightfall. On these arid lands, far from Jerusalem, life unfolds peacefully. A monastery is built, allowing scribes to engage fully in the study of sacred Scripture.

The Jewish revolt – 68 AD

68, after the birth of Christ. The Roman legions swept into Palestine and submit nearby cities. The pious community, curled up in his monastery forgotten by all, is spared a moment.

Of all Palestine blowing wind of revolt, the signal of the struggle against the invader, the ungodly who dared to desecrate the sacred land. A war against Rome begins, a legitimate war, but a war doomed. What can a few bands of peasants against such a military power? General Titus is responsible to show these brave rebels what it costs to defy Rome. At the head of several legions, he comes into Palestine and defeated the pathetic resistance. He burned the Temple of Jerusalem. The emperor is and remains the master of the universe.

The Essenes, lost in the desert, are still forgotten … But not for long. The legions have decided to walk on Engedi and now darken the small defenseless community. The Essenes did not make war. They have no weapons. What’s the point ? They will die, they know it. The scribes gather the rolls carefully and rank them in earthenware jars. A valuable library is hereby incorporated: it brings together all the Essene culture and especially their sacred texts. All this knowledge will not be lost. It is hidden in the cliffs of Qumran, free Romans and time. The Essenes were massacred to the last.

The manuscripts of the Dead Sea

1950 AD in Jerusalem

Scholars working around recipes now known manuscripts of the Dead Sea. One element particularly the disorder. The texts are mostly contemporary of Christ. But they never mention. These texts, written in Hebrew, are a tremendous period photograph and do not mention this major character. Yet 5,000 people attended the loaves. Christ has stirred the crowds, healed the sick, raised the dead. There should be a record of this character! Maybe voluntary isolation Essene explains this omission.

The great historian of the time, Joseph Flavius described the main Jewish schools of the time: the Pharisees, the Sadducees and Essenes . The New Testament, meanwhile, will retain only the first two, as if he wanted to clear the archives the Essenes.

The Essenes: Christians 200 years before Christ

Researchers continue to translate the texts. They discover that the Essenes lived in community. They were chaste and baptized in water, as will John the Baptist 200 years later. They blessed the bread and wine, forbade all animal food, except fish! They made vows of poverty. They did not practice circumcision carnal but only that of the heart, as will Paul. They presented God as a whole, as Christians, a unit with the same verb as John. Man as flesh was to them that nothingness. They were sure they would have their revenge, the day of judgment, when God’s coming on earth, after the final battle in which evil would be destroyed. Is not this a beautiful sketch of what the Bible appoint the last judgment? they asked the Essenes, 200 years before the birth of Christ, the foundation of Christianity? Their sacred texts they would not be the first drafts of the new testament? Compare one of the rolls, manuscripts from the Dead Sea, identified as 4Q525 number, and the text of St. Matthew:

4Q525:

  • Blessed is he who walks with a pure heart and not slandered with his tongue
  • Blessed are those who hold firmly to his laws and do not stick to the voice of evil,
  • Blessed are those who rejoice in it and not get lost in the paths of madness,
  • Blessed are those who seek it with clean hands and did not inquire of a deceitful heart ….
  • Saint-Mathieu:
  • Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the kingdom of heaven is theirs,
  • Blessed are the meek, for they shall be comforted,
  • Blessed are the meek for they shall inherit the earth
  • Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled,
  • Blessed are the merciful for they shall obtain the mercies.

The master of justice and christ

A mysterious figure had organized the community master of justice. It is considered elected, the last pastor of humanity to the origin of life rules. He was considered heretical by the Jewish authorities. He was betrayed by his own and given to the Jews by which he was sentenced to die a violent death.

If the Old Testament was written from oldest myths (Babylonian or Sumerian), the New Testament was inspired by the Essene texts.

 

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